Scope of the method
- Animal health
- Translational - Applied Research
- In silico
- Animal derived cells / tissues / organs
- computational models
- in silico analysis
- electromagnetic simulations
- Antenna Design
- computational modelling
Full-wave electromagnetic (EM) simulations solve the laws of Maxwell for a given problem. When designing a wireless solution for an Internet of Animal Health (IoAH) application, multiple iterations are needed to achieve well-defined metrics such as energy efficiency, electrical and mechanical robustness against environmental changes and reproducibility. When considering in-body devices, the surrounding tissue will electromagnetically couple with the radiating in-body antenna. Therefore, to optimize the antenna, the body of the animal and its electromagnetic properties must be well characterized and digitalized. The characterization is done by measuring the electrical permittivity and permeability of bulk tissue (Gabriel, 1996). To construct the heterogeneous model of the animal, a slaughtered animal was measured and expertly drawn in computer aided design (CAD) software. This model of the animal, together with the measured tissue properties, can be imported in the full-wave electromagnetic solver. In this in silico environment, multiple iterations and placements can be tried out at a low cost and without any extra test animals. Once the above defined metrics are achieved, only validation tests are left to be performed on test animals.
- Electromagnetic solvers (CST, Sim4Life, COMSOL, HFSS,...)
- Computation cluster
- Internally validated
Pros, cons & Future potential
- - Cost reduction
- - Reduction in-vivo and in-vitro experiments
- - Improved understanding of underlying mechanisms
- - Generalization of the results by digitally varying the model
- - Validation of model assumptions / predictions / results still required a small set of test animals;
- - Simplified body model can have unforeseen consequences.
- The current method is described for goats. It can easily be extended to other animals.
With the increased interest in automatic farming and IoAH, the demand for wireless in-body development will increase. This method will decrease significantly the need of test animals in the coming decade during the maturing of this technology.
References, associated documents and other information
Contact personJasper Goethals
OrganisationsGhent University (UGent)
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Ghent University (UGent)
Faculty of Information Technology